Blog Archives

Ports for People RePORT Cards

Ports for People is on a mission to end port and ship pollution. Our Ports Playbook for Zero-Emission Shipping details nine actions that ports can take to accelerate the transition to zero-emission shipping by 2040. By implementing these bold commitments, progressive policies and immediately actionable progress steps, ports can ignite a chain reaction in the shipping supply chain to build and deploy zero-emission vessels. But to move forward, we must know our starting point.

U.S. MARAD Port Infrastructure Development Program

The Port Infrastructure Development Program (PIDP) is a discretionary grant program administered by the U.S. Maritime Administration. Funds for the PIDP are awarded on a competitive basis to projects that improve the safety, efficiency, or reliability of the movement of goods into, out of, around, or within a port.

U.S. EPA Ports Initiative

EPA’s Ports Initiative works in collaboration with the port industry, communities, and all levels of government to improve environmental performance and increase economic prosperity. This effort helps people living and working near ports across the country breathe cleaner air and live better lives.

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UK legal obligations on international shipping

Emissions from the UK’s international shipping activities make up more than half of the UK’s total maritime emissions. However, the UK is proposing only to regulate emissions from the domestic fleet, stating in the recent Course to Zero consultation that responsibility for regulating international emissions lies with the International Maritime Organisation (IMO).

Policy Model: Zero “at berth” (in port) emissions policy – California’s Ocean-Going Vessels At Berth Regulation
Policy Model: Zero-emission harbor craft policy – California’s Commercial Harbor Craft (CHC) Regulation
Policy Model: Port Fee Reduction Program – MPA Singapore’s Green Ship Programme (GSP)

The Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore (MPA) Green Ship Programme encourages Singapore-flagged ships to reduce carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. The program allows qualifying ships to receive a reduction on their Initial Registration Fee (IRF) and a rebate on Annual Tonnage Tax (ATT). Ships that use zero-carbon fuels (such as ammonia and hydrogen) as their primary fuel can apply for 100% reduction on the IRF and a 100% rebate on the ATT until December 31, 2024.

Policy Model: Speed & Noise Reduction – Vancouver Fraser Port Authority’s Enhancing Cetacean Habitat and Observation (ECHO) Program
Study: The Climate Implications of Using LNG as a Marine Fuel (The ICCT, Jan 2020)
Study: Scaling U.S. zero-emission shipping: potential hydrogen demand at Aleutian Islands ports (The ICCT, June 2022)
Study: Comparing The future demand for, supply of, and life-cycle emissions from bio, synthetic, and fossil LNG marine fuels in the European Union (The ICCT, Sept 2022)
Study: Liquid hydrogen refueling infrastructure to support a zero-emission U.S.–China container shipping corridor (The ICCT, Oct 2020)
Study: Refueling assessment of a zero-emission container corridor between China and the United States: could hydrogen replace fossil fuels? (The ICCT, March 2020)
Report: Shipping industry and ports susceptible to billions of dollars in damage, disruption from climate change (EDF, March 2022)
Initiative: C40 Green Ports Forum

C40 Cities’ Green Ports Forum initiative connects port cities and ports around the world to take collective action to tackle the climate crisis and decarbonise global supply chains related to ports. The forum currently includes 20 of the world’s leading port cities from every region. The initiative launched the Los Angeles & Long Beach-Shanghai Green Shipping Corridor in 2022.

Port Action Plan Model: Port of Oslo – a zero-emission port

Oslo is one of the world’s most climate-conscious and environmentally ambitious port cities. By 2030, Oslo will eliminate 95% of greenhouse gas emissions. Port of Oslo will reduce emissions by 85% in the same period, and become emissions-free over the long term.